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What is Fertility ?

What does it take to get Pregnant?

What does it take to get Pregnant? It takes just one sperm and one egg to create a baby, but there's more to fertility than that.

Here we look at the miracle of making babies. If you've been trying to start a family without success you're not alone. Around 1 in 6 couples in India have problems conceiving. To understand what causes infertility you need to know a bit about fertility - the ability to make a baby. To start a family you need to be healthy, your hormones must be working properly and the systems to produce eggs and sperm must be in good working order. Dates of sexual activity play an important part too.

For fertilization to occur, sperm produced in the testicles and ejaculated into the vagina must swim up the uterus and into the fallopian tube where one sperm penetrates the egg.

The egg is then captured by a fallopian tube and is viable for about 24 hours, but its best chance of being fertilized is within the first 12 hours following ovulation. For pregnancy to occur, a sperm must unite with the egg in the fallopian tube within this time. Sperms are capable of fertilizing the egg for up to 72 hours and must be present in the fallopian tube at the same time as the egg for conception to occur. If fertilized, the egg moves into the uterus two to four days later. There it attaches to the uterine lining and begins a nine-month process of growth.

Sperm Count, male infertility In order for sperm to reach the egg, many factors are involved in the male fertility process.

There must be enough sperms, they must be of the right shape, and they must move in the right way. There must be enough semen to transport the sperm. The male partner also needs to be able to have an erection, and must be able to ejaculate the semen and deliver it into the vagina.

The cause of infertility can involve one or both partners. Sometimes the problem isn't really one of infertility, but a more general sexual problem such as erectile dysfunction. Other times, the problem may involve an abnormality in the structure of the reproductive hormones or organs. Certain infections and diseases also can affect fertility.

Egg and Sperm Production

Egg Production For Her


Sperm Production
Egg production involves the interaction of several different hormones.
The process starts with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), produced by a part of your brain called the hypothalamus. This stimulates the small gland at the base of your brain, the pituitary, to release follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
This in turn triggers the several follicles (egg sacs) to start to develop in the ovaries.
The follicles produce oestrogen, which stimulates the pituitary gland to release another hormone called luteinising hormone (LH). This hormone makes the ripest egg sac burst and release an egg (ovulation).
The remains of the egg sac form a small yellow body called the corpus luteum. This produces another hormone, progesterone, which prepares the lining of the womb, making it thicken into a welcoming environment for a fertilised egg.

Sperm Production For Him


Male Infertility Treatment
The same hormones that control ovulation in women stimulate the release of testosterone which is responsible for sperm production.
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) produced by the hypothalamus in the brain triggers the release of the same follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) as in women, and luteinising hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland.
FSH stimulates sperm production in the testicles, while LH stimulates the testicles to produce the male hormone testosterone.
Sperm travel from the testicles to the epididymis, a 40-foot long coiled tube, where they mature. The sperm then travel down another tube, the vas deferens, to the penis.
When a couple has intercourse and the male partner ejaculates, the sperms are forced from his penis into the vagina in powerful spurts.


11th December, 2011
The Telegraph, Kolkata
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